In Hinduism, Goddess Chamunda or Camunda is an aspect of Devi, the supreme mother goddess. The name is a combination of Chanda and Munda, two demons which Devi killed. She is also known as Chamundi and Chamundeshwari. She is closely associated with goddess Kali, another fierce aspect of Shakti. Devi Bhagavatham identifies Chamunda with Kali. Chamunda is one of the Saptamatrikas associated with Goddess Shakti along with Brahmani, Vaishnavi, Maheshwari, Kaumari, Varahi and Indrani.
In Hindu scripture Devi Mahatmya, maa Chamunda emerged as Chandika Jayasundara from an eyebrow of goddess Kaushiki, a goddess created from "sheath" of Durga and was assigned the task of eliminating the demons Chanda and Munda, generals of demon kings Shumbha-Nishumbha. She fought a fierce battle with the demons, ultimately killing them. Goddess Chandika Jayasundara took the slain heads of the two demons to goddess Kaushiki, who became immensely pleased. Kaushiki blessed Chandika Jayasundara and bestowed upon her the title of “Chamunda", to commemorate the latter's victory over the demons.
According to a later episode of Devi Mahatmya, Durga created Matrikas from herself and with their help slaughtered the demon army of Shumbha-Nisumha. In this version, Kali is described as a Matrika who sucked all the blood of the demon Raktabija. Kali is given the epithet Chamunda in the text.Thus, the Devi Mahatmya identifies Chamunda with Kali.
In Varaha Purana, the story of Raktabija is retold, but here each of Matrikas appears from the body of another Matrika. Chamunda appears from the foot of the lion-headed goddess Narshmi. Here, Chamunda is considered a representation of the vice of tale-telling (pasunya). The Varaha Purana text clearly mentions two separate goddesses Chamunda and Kali, unlike Devi Mahatmya.
According to another legend, Chamunda appeared from the frown of the benign goddess Parvati to kill demons Chanda and Munda. Here, Chamunda is viewed as a form of Parvati.
Matsya Purana tells a different story of Chamunda's origins. She with other matrikas was created by Shiva to help him kill the demon Andhakasura, who has an ability - like Raktabija - to generate from his dripping blood. Chamunda with the other matrikas drinks the blood of the demon ultimately helping Shiva kill him. Ratnakara, in his text Haravijaya, also describes this feat of Chamunda, but solely credits Chamunda, not the other matrikas of sipping the blood of Andhaka. Having drunk the blood, Chamunda's complexion changed to blood-red. The text further says that Chamunda does a dance of destruction, playing a musical instrument whose shaft is Mount Meru, the spring is the cosmic snake Shesha and gourd is the crescent moon. She plays the instrument during the deluge that drowns the world.
Through Chamunda yantra one can get her blessings. By keeping the maa Chamunda yantra and chanting her mantras , we invoke the Supreme Goddess and ask her to come into our life to fulfill our all worldly and spiritual desires with ease.
The Chamunda yantra has the effect of bringing joy and confidence even while trying conditions are mitigated. Clears all demons away and keeps them away – we invoke the powerful Chamunda to protect and defend us from negative influences.
Mantra of Maa Chamunda :-
Aum Aim Hreem Kleem Chamundayai Vichche
ॐ ऐं ह्रीं क्लीं चामुण्डायै विच्चे।
Details of Goddess Chamunda yantra :-
- Metal - Copper
- Size - 3 inches x 3 inches
- Weight - 35 grams (approx.)
- Guage - Heavy
- Benefits - Can be used in Maa Chamunda Sadhana and to seek her blessings